THE RISE AND FALL OF PAN AM
- Key West was the original home of Pan Am but with the arrival of the Fokker F10 Trimotors and its longer range than the F7 operations were moved to Miami. In 1928 Pan Am Headquarters were built in Miami and called the Dinner
- Pan Am partnered with W. R. Grace and these two airlines merged to form an airline called PANAGRA-Pan American Grace Airways in 1929.
- 1934 the Philippine Clipper (NC 14715) carrying 15 passengers established the first commercial airline between North American and the continent of Asia.
- The first scheduled passenger transatlantic flight was flown in May of 1939 by the Dixie Clipper. The flight was flown from New York to Lisbon and Marseille.
- Pan Am was a pioneer in aviation equipment, air routes, commercial passenger service, navigation techniques and communication systems.
- A once profitable airline, 1961's annual report boasted $460 million in revenues. In 1970 Pan Am carried 11 million passengers approximately twenty billion miles, and employed 19.000 people in 62 countries.
- January 1980 Pan Am merged with National Airlines. Due to the high price of acquiring National, the purchase was considered Chairman "Seawell's Folly".
- Forced into bankruptcy in 1991 after the Lockerbie crash, a scarce amount of passengers and being unable to pay their employees. The entire airline was finally sold to Delta.
- The only existing part of the company today is the Pan Am Flight Academy.
They did it first
- 1928: First American airline to use radio communications.
- 1928: First American airline to carry emergency lifesaving equipment.
- 1928: First American airline to develop an airport and airways traffic control system.
- 1930: First American airline to offer international air express service.
- 1942: First airline to complete a round-the-world flight.
- 1944: First airline to propose a plan for low cost, mass transportation on a worldwide basis.
- 1947: First airline to operate a scheduled round the world service.
- 1958: First airline to operate jets with the continental US.
- 1961: First airline to offer a worldwide marketing service to shippers and importers around the world.
- 1962: First airline to operate 100.000 transatlantic flights.
- 1965: First airline to operate round the world jet freighter service.
- 1970: First airline to operate the Boeing 747 in regular scheduled service.
- 1973: First airline to offer upper deck dining service on the 747.
- 1978: First airline to introduce a new, separate class of service for business and full-fare economy passenger, clipper class.
The many faces of Pan Am (logos)
- PAA Mexicana.
Frequent celebrity flyers
- Theodore Roosevelt.
- James Bond.
- J.F. Kennedy.
- The Beatles.
Sources: http://www.panam.org; http://www.panamair.org/History.fall.htm; http://www.panamair.org/History/history.htm.