DEFINING MOMENTS IN MOVIE (SPECIAL EFFECTS)
- Photo collage of with cut outs from the most famous/influential special effects films.
Gertie the Dinosaur (1914)
- First successful animated cartoon.
- Miniature Models were used to build the dystopian world of Metropolis.
The Wizard of Oz (1939)
- Matte Paintings are actual projections or paintings places behind foreground objects. Was an essential part of many films before CGI.
Jason and the Argonauts (1963)
- Stop Motion photography facilitated a bunch of skeletons dueling in battle. Stop Motion photography uses realistic puppets or model that are manipulated and photographed one frame at a time.
- Other notable uses of stop motion: King Kong (1933), Claymation TV in the 60's; The Empire Strikes Back (1980).
The 10 Commandments (1956)
- In order to part the Red Sea they used: Matte paintings, rear projection, pyrotechnics, miniatures and water tanks. Considered the most expensive special effect in history.
The parent Trap (1961)
- They used split screen technology to place one person into the same scene twice.
Star Wars (1977)
- Star Wars IV was the first film to deploy a motion controlled camera, the Dykstraflex.
An American In London (1981)
- Praised for it's realistic metamorphosis of man into wolf by using Prosthetics and robotic limbs.
- Other notable makeup films include: Nosferatu (1922); The Exorcist (1973).
Young Sherlock Holmes (1985)
- Steven Spielberg and Pixar credited with the first realistic yet fully CGI-animated character, featuring "stained-glass man". The 30-second sword fight took 6 months to produce.
Jurassic Park (1993)
- The dinosaurs were part animatronic and part CGI. Out of the 14 minutes of the film's dinosaurs rendered with computer graphics, rest shot using animatronic models and men in rubber Velociraptors costumes.
- Other notable movie monster classics include: The Lost World (1925); Conquest of the Pole (1912).
Toy Story (1995)
- First feature-length animated film to be created with CGI. Took four years to produce and generated 1.00 gigabytes of data.
The Matrix (1999)
- Was able to combine slow motion techniques with a single series of gun shots, now known as Bullet Time. Used the slowed, rotating action of the camera to show characters avoiding bullets.
Lord of the Rings (2001)
- Gollum was digitally created but physically driven using a specially created motion-capture suit. he was digitally created using 13 cameras pointed at different sensors attached to the costume.
The Hurt Locker (2009)
- Using the high-speed Phantom camera, they were able to break down every default of an IED explosion with the device's 2.000-frames per second capability.
- A special camera, nicknamed the Holy Grail, was designed to allow the facial expression of the actors to be captured with sensors and digitally recorded for animators to use later. Actors were filmed as infrared light bounced off the
reflectors, which was then captured in 3D by up to 140 digital camera positioned around the set.
Brought to you by Motion Array: www.motionarray.com | Source: http://www.time.com/photogallery/0.29307.2055255.00.html.