The World of Coffee
World coffee production - 7 million tonnes per year.
World coffee consumption - 500 billion cups per year.
Caffeine - 100 mg per 150 ml cup.
Countries growing coffee - 50+, employing ~ 25 m people.
Coffee trees - 4 billion in Brazil.
Top consumers - Finland, 12 kg / person per year..
Largest coffee producer - 2.25 billion tonnes per year in Brazil.
- The coffee bean is actually the seed of a cherry-like fruit that turns bright red when ready to be picked. There are two coffee beans per cherry. The "peaberry" varietal, however, contains only one. much smaller, bean.
- There are two different types of coffee bean. The Arabica and Robusta. Arabica beans are considered to be the best quality, but can only be grown above 2000 feet, while the Robusta can grow lower down.
- Beans are roasted in a large drum at up to 288° C. At about 204° C beans make a cracking sound - 'first crack' - marking the beginning of light roasts. "Second crack", the dividing point between medium and dark roasts happens when the beans are at about 224°C.
- The coffee belt, or bean belt, extends above and below the equator in line with the tropics of cancer and capricorn. All commercially grown coffee comes from this area.
Top 5 countries producing coffee
Tips for making a great coffee
- Freshness. Always use good quality, freshly roasted coffee. For extra freshness grind your own beans.
- Cold water. Use fresh, clean water, preferably filtered. Don't use mineral water as it can taint the taste of the coffee.
- Storage. Store coffee it in an airtight container in a cool, dry cupboard - never in the fridge or freezer as this introduces moisture.
- Measure. As a general rule use 10-12 g of coffee - approximately a heaped dessert spoon - per mug (200ml).
KOPI Gourmet coffee every month. Delivered.
This infographic is licensed by Kopi Ltd under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
All statistics corrects at time of going to press. February 2012.