Water Use in Coffee Production
One standard cup of coffee requires 140 litres of water - which is to say that one part of coffee consumes 1100 parts of water.
Structure of coffee berry and beans:
- Center nut, bean (endosperm).
- Silver skin (epidermis).
- Parchment (endocarp).
- Pectin layer.
- Pulp (mesocarp).
- Outer skin.
Coffea Arabica accounts for 75 percent of the world's production
Fully washed processing requires a higher degree of processing know how and is applied mainly for Arabica coffee.
Top coffee importing countries in the world :
Imports in US (2011).
- America - 4.121.228.
- Germany - 3.344.098.
- Italy - 1.382.895.
Top three coffee producers in the world and their water usage
- Brazil - 54.500.000 bags, 12180 m3/ton.
- Vietnam - 18.725.000 bags, 13972 m3/ton.
- Colombia - 9.500.000 bags, 17665 m3/ton.
Coffee consumption trends per person
- Finland - 12 kg./year.
- Norway - 9.9 kg./year.
- Iceland - 9 kg./year.
Three different processing techniques of the conversion of the cherry to green bean
- Fully washed.
Water consumption of some selected products, per 125 ml.
- Coffee - 140.
- Milk - 125.
- Vine - 120.
- Beer - 37.5.
- Tea - 17.5
Resources: Review of Coffee Waste Water Characteristics and Approaches to Treatment, Ten Steps to Coffee, Companies Must Address Water Use in Coffee Production, Water Footprints of Nations: Water use by people as a function of their consumption pattern, Coffee Beans: Slowly Cooling Supply Heating Up Pricing, Everything You Know About Conversation Is Wrong, Coffee Beans: Slowly Supply Heating Up Pricing, The World of Coffee, Coffee Consumption.