Evolution Of Videogame Consoles (1967-2012)
- 1967: "The Brown Box".
- 1972: Magnavox Odyssey. Atari PONG arcade machine was so popular in 1973 that Atari decided to market the game as a home console two years later in 1975. In that same year, Magnavox decided to improve its Odyssey system
and released not one, but two different improved versions of the original console, the Magnavox Odyssey 100 and 200.
- 1975: 1) Atari Sears Tele-Games PONG System; 2) Magnavox Odyssey 100; 3) Magnavox Odyssey 200.
- 1976: Coleco Telstar; 2) Fairchild Channel F; 3) Magnavox Odyssey 300; 4) Magnavox Odyssey 400; 5) Magnavox Odyssey 500; 6) The Wonder Wizard Model 7702.
- 1977: 1) Atari 2600; 2) RCA Studio II; 3) Magnavox 2000; 4) Atari Video Pinball; 5) Coleco Telstar Alpha; 6) Atari Stunt Cycle; 7) Coleco Telstar Ranger; 8) Magnavox Odyssey 4000; 9) Coleco Telstar Combat; 10) Magnavox
Odyssey 3000. Nintendo, the company which eventually became a major player in the video gaming industry for the next three decades, delivered their first series of video game console from 1977 to 1979. The Color TV Game Series
were only for sale in Japan. These consoles essentially followed in the footsteps of Atari and featured Pong-style games.
- 1978-1979: 1) Nintendo Color TV Game Series; 2) Coleco Telstar Sportman; 3) Coleco Telstar Colortron; 4) Coleco Telstar Marksman; 5) Coleco Telstar Gemini; 6) Coleco Telstar Arcade; 7) Bally Astrocade; 8) Magnavox Odyssey
2; 9) Philips Odyssey 2001; 10) Philips Odyssey 2100; 11) Mattel's Intellivision.
- 1981: Epoch Cassette Vision. The golden age of video gaming has arrived! With progressively advanced gaming technology, the 1980's was a period of genre innovation when the industry began experimenting with non-pong games
like fighting, platform, adventure and RPG games.
- 1982: 1) Vectrex; 2) Emersion Arcadia; 3) Coleco Vision; 4) Atari 5200; 5) Mattel Intellivision II.
- 1983: 1) Nintendo Entertainment System; 2) Sega SG-1000; 4) Casio PV-1000.
- 1984-1985: 1) Epoch Super Cassette Vision; 2) Sega Master System. As the struggle for domination continues between Nintendo and Sega, each of them released brand new consoles to challenge each other's positions. Sega came
up with the its number one console of all time, the Mega Drive/Genesis in 1988. To counter the threat, Nintendo presented the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) two years later, the console next in line after NES.
- 1986-1989: 1) Atari 7800; 2) NEC TurboGrafx-16; 3) Sega Mega Drive/Genesis; 4) NEC SuperGrafx.
- 1990: 1) Super NES; 2) SNK NeoGeo AES; 3) Sega Master System II. In the first few years of 1980's, there is a notable shift in the medium used for storing games from cartridges to compact discs. What this meant was the there
were increased capacities for video gaming, prompting as well a transition of 2D graphics to that of 3D.
- 1991-1992: 1) Philips CD-i; 2) NEC TurboDuo.
- 1993: 1) Panasonic SDO Interactive; 2) Atari Jaguar; 3) Commodore Amigo CD32. In 1994, Sony finally made its entrance with the leading Playstation. Sega at the same time, Sega with its immense success of its MegaDrive/Genesis
system, went on to expand it into a series, with the Genesis 2 (1994) and Genesis 3 (1997). It also developed an entirely new console, Saturn, to rival against the rest of the CD-based consoles. Nintendo, on the other hand, stuck to its
cartridge system for its new Nintendo 64.
- 1994: 1) Playstation; 2) Sega Genesis 2; 3) Sega Saturn; 4) SNK Neo Geo CD; 5) NEC PC-FX; 6) Bandai Playdia.
- 1995: 1) Apple Bandai Pippin; 2) Casio Loopy; 3) Nintendo's Virtual Boy.
- 1996-1997: 1) Nintendo 64; 2) Sega Genesis 3. Sega Saturn was not a major success. so Sega thought of another new console for the next generation - the Sega Dreamcast (1998). In terms of providing Internet support via its
built-in modern for online playing, Dreamcast was the pioneer back in 1998. Two years later, Sony progressed on with the next Playstation, the Playstation 2.
- 1998: Sega Dreamcast.
- 2000-2001: 1) Playstation ; 2) Nintendo Gamecube; 3) XBox.
- 2004: XaviXPort. Finally, the current generation of video game console has room for three major competitors: XBox 360; Sony Playstation 3 and Nintendo Wii. With full 1080p HD graphics for both the XBox 360 and Playstation 3,
and Wii's innovative remote for sensing 3D movements, it seems that video gaming indeed came a long, long way.
- 2005: 1) XBox 360; 2) Playstation 3; 3) Wii.
- 2012: Wii U.
RIPT | Content by Michael Poh.