Football Hooliganism: The Most Famous Firms And Leagues
While football hooliganism has been on the decline since its explosive heights in the 1980's, there are still many hooligan firms that are continuing to cause trouble at football games. We take a look at which leagues and teams have the
worst record of hooliganism.
The origins of hooliganism
- Football hooligans have a long history of disruption dating back to the 1300's.
- 1300's. The first case of hooliganism comes from the 14th century when Edward II banned football following a violent free-for-all that erupted after a rival village threw pigs bladders across the pitch.
- 1885. The first reported modern case of hooliganism came in 1885 when, after a Preston North End and Aston Villa game, fans attacked both teams with sticks and stones. The next year Preston fans performed the first set of
hooliganism away from a match.
- 1970's. In the 1970's, hooligans began to organise into clubs such as: Red Army, Inter City Firm, Zulu's Army, and The Herd. Full-scale riots often broke out in Wales, Ireland, and England at rival team matches.
- 1989. Increased rioting, deaths, escalating player threats, and the Hillsborough disaster led Margaret Thatcher and parliament to pass the Football Spectators Act of 1989, which among other provisions required fans to be a part of a
membership scheme to attend away matches. The 2006 Violent Crime Reduction Act repealed large parts of the Football Spectators Act.
- 2000's. While overall football hooliganism began to decline, individual player death threats became more common. Hooligans also began to take to online forums to provoke rival football clubs into brawls.
Crime & punishment
- The Championship League currently leads all other leagues in the number of banning orders handed out in the 2009-210 season.
- Football banning orders are a preventive measure designed to stop potential troublemakers from travelling to football matches at home and abroad. Banning orders currently have a 92 percent success rate in preventing hooligan-related
Banning order by league supported
- Premier League - 1.053.
- Championship League - 1.112.
- League 1 - 512.
- League - 265.
- All other leagues - 306.
Total football-related arrests by offence type (2009-2010 season)
- Violent & public disorder: Number of Arrests - 1.804.
- Alcohol offences: Number of Arrests - 908.
- Pitch invasion: Number of Arrests - 269.
- Offences against property: Number of Arrests - 82.
- Ticket touting: Number of Arrests - 69.
- Breach of banning order: Number of Arrests - 67.
- Missile throwing: Number of Arrests - 66.
- Possession of offensive weapon: Number of Arrests - 35.
- Racist chanting: Number of Arrests - 31.
Is hooliganism on the decline?
- Arrests and the number of banning orders have been on the decline since the 2008 season. Although the amount of missiles being thrown and pitch incursions has increased, this could be attributed to the police cracking down on the
few remaining fans who insist on being disruptive.
Percentage change of arrest by league (2008-2009 to 2009-2010 season)
- Premier League - ↓4.8%.
- Champions League - ↓7.1%.
- League 1 - ↓14%.
- League 2 - ↓24%.
Percentage change of arrests by offence (2008-2009 to 2009-2010 season)
- Missile throwing - ↑26%.
- Pitch invasion - ↑9%.
- Violent & public disorder - ↓6.9%.
- Offences against property - ↓7.8%.
- Possession of offensive weapon - ↓10%.
- Racist chanting - ↓13%.
- Alcohol offences - ↓18%.
- Breach of banning orders - ↓20%.
- Ticket touting - ↓25%.
Confused.com | Sources: ACPO Season 2009-2010 Arrests And Banning Orders; Guardian.co.uk; Dailymail.co.uk; Homeoffice.gov.uk; Sirc.org.