A HISTORY OF—BRAIN DAMAGE IN THE NFL
In June 2012 more than 2.000 former NFL players came together in the biggest sports lawsuit ever to sue the league claiming the NFL had ignored risks of head injuries and concealed information that linked football related injuries to
long—term brain damage. The lawsuit joins more than 80 previous suits filed by former players and it has rekindled the controversial topic: Can playing football lead to lasting brain damage”
HEAD INJURIES IN FOOTBALL
While football players sustain many injuries. None may be so controversial as concussions. Which may contribute to long-term brain damage.
Football is second to cycling in emergency room-treated head injuries. Here's a look at the number of head injuries treated in hospital emergency rooms in 2009 by sport/activity in thousands.
Basket ball 34.7
In 2010, Mild Traumatic Brain Injury was the most common specified injury type in NFL games. There was a 10% chance of suffering MTBI per player/year.
HEALMETS STANDARD QUESTIONED
According to the New York times:
Over time, the size and speed of professions players have increased along with the number of concussion rates.
This isn’t the first time helmets have been brought up as an issue. In 2011 players also sued riddle, the leagues official helmet maker:
Industry insiders say that helmet standards have not kept with local football.
PLAYERS AND CONCUSSIONS
A concussion occurs when the head is shaken violently. This causes brain to flood with chemicals, which deadens certain receptors.
Football helmets encounter dozens, if not hundreds, of impacts that can lead to concussions each year and are not frequently replaced.
Two football players running at each other at full speed (at 20 mph) can generate 1800 pounds of force in a head-on collision.
After several concussions it takes less force to cause the injury, and it takes more time to recover.
In 2000 a study surveyed 1 090 former NFL players and found:
60% SUFFERED ATLEAST ONE CONCUSSION
26% SUFFERED THREE OR MORE CONCUSSIONS
A 2007 study found that 20% of former players who had experienced three or more concussions on the ?eld experienced depression. That's three times the rate of those who had not had a concussion.
A study commissioned by the NFL reported that former players were diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease or a similar memory-related disease 19 times more than the normal rate for men ages 30 through 49.
Once someone suffers a concussion, they are four times as likely to have a second one.
3. IMPACT ON PLAYERS
Traumatic brain damage was found in former Philadelphia Eagles defensive back Andre Waters‘autopsy after he killed himself in November 2006.
In February 201 1, former Chicago Bears safety Dave Duerson shot himself in the chest after suffering depression linked to brain trauma caused by repeated blows to the head.
in March 2012 former Washington Redskins quarterback Mark Rypien sued the NFL for "repeated traumatic injuries head.‘ which have resulted in various neurological conditions.
Ray Easterling, a former Atlanta Falcons safety died from a self-inflicted gunshot in April 2012, Easterling suffered from dementia.
In May 2012, former San Diego Chargers linebacker Junior Seau committed suicide by shooting himself in the chest.
Art Monk, former Washington Redskins receiver sued the NFL and Ftiddell in May 2012 for "short term memory loss headaches and speech difficulties" due to the multiple concussions he had during his career.