HOW TO GET RID A TATTOO
Tattooed Americans (7.6 million) who have regrets about getting inked
Women are more likely to seek tattoo removal than men.
Cryosurgery The area is frozen prior to its surgical removal.
NOTE: The top three techniques leave scarring, and fading creams/balms are not very effective
*Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation
Q-switched Alexandrite (red light), 755nm: Wavelength of choice for green, moderately effective for black, blue pigments.
Q-switched ruby 694nm (red light): effective for black, blue and green pigments.
Americans have tattoos today
- In 1891, New Yorker Samuel O'Reilly invented the first tattoo machine.Vaporized ink
- Most commonly, it is women between the ages of 24 and 39,who are white, single and college-educated, who want to get rid of their ink.
GETTING INK UNDONE
Tattoo Removal Options
Dermabrasion Skin is "sanded" to remove the surface and middle layers. The removal of skin may result in scarring and the technique is rarely used today for tattoo removal.
Excision A dermatologic surgeon removes the tattoo with a scalpel and closes the wound with stitches.
In some cases involving large tattoos, a skin graft from another part of the body may be necessary.
Fading creams Chemical peels and salt solutions may be effective at slightly fading some superficial tattoos.
The most-popular tattoo designs on Americans: butterfly, tribal, star, flower, Kanji (Asian characters)
Since the 1980s, laser removal has become the safest and most effective at removing tattoos with a low risk of scarring.
Three preferred lasers are used for tattoo removal; each targets specific colors with different wavelengths.
Q-switched Nd: YAG (invisible light) offers two wavelengths:
1064nm: Laser of choice for black pigment, effective for dark blue pigments.
532nm (green light) Wavelength of choice for red and satisfactory for black, dark blue and purple.
Today's tattoo machine is the most common method of getting tattooed.
? The machine moves a needle up and down to puncture the skin between 50 and 3,000 times per minute.The needle penetrates the skin by about a millimeter and deposits a drop of insoluble ink into the skin with each puncture
into the skin's dermis, the layer of skin under the surface.
? More than 100 types of ink are used for tattooing today.
Your ex is long gone but that tattoo you got of his name won't disappear on its own. Find out about laser tattoo removal and watch your ink fade away.
GETTING INK DONE
Tattooing has been practiced worldwide for centuries for many reasons:
decorationrite of passage
Irreligious symbol O identification Qmark of social status punishment ^¦tribal belonging
Egyptian mummies show evidence of blue tattoo marks as far back as 4000 B.C.
ADVICE AND CONCLUSION
Tattoo removal, like tattoo application, carries with it the risk of infection and must be handled with extreme care.
Make sure the person doing the removal is a medical doctor who specializes in laser surgery.
Find a laser specialist who owns and uses at least three tattoo removal lasers; this will greatly increase your chances of effectively having your tattoos removed in safe and experienced hands.
After healing, the site will gradually fade and your once-permanent body art will become a distal.
SOURCES: tattoohealth.org; skininktoday.com; patient-info.com;The NewYorkTimes
Each wavelength targets only the tattooed pigments, without affecting the surrounding pigments and layers of skin. Wavelengths pass through the surface layers of your skin, where the light is absorbed by the tattooed pigments, which
breaks them into smaller particles. Your body's immune system then removes the fragmented tattooed particles. Ink can be removed faster in areas of greater blood circulation since the immune system works best there. It's more
difficult to remove tattoos on the hands and feet, where there is less circulation.
Each session usually takes only a few minutes. f Several treatments (8-10 or more) are usually needed to remove an entire tattoo. The number of sessions depends on the amount and type of ink used and how deeply it was injected.
Doctors can't predict the exact degree of removal because they generally don't know which ink was used. Laser removal may feel like hot specks of bacon grease on your skin or like being snapped by a thin rubber band.
You may be given an ointment and dressing for the treated area. Your skin will feel slightly sunburned for a couple of days. You'll need to wait 6 to 8 weeks or more between sessions to allow pigment residue to be absorbed by the
Top 3 reasons for regret
1. Because of the person's name in the tattoo.
2. Don't like the way it looks.
3. It was stupid.