TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURIES (TBI)
TBIs occur when the impact of a rapid acceleration, deceleration, or collision causes a brain injury. TBIs are classified as mild, moderate, or severe depending on the extent of damage to the victim’s physical and cognitive abilities. TBIs
can be especially dangerous if they disrupt blood flow to the brain or pressure in the skull.
According to the CDC, more than 1.7 million TBIs occur every year.Of these injuries:
- 52.000 result in death
- 275.000 cause hospitalization
- 1.4 million require an emergency room visit
- TBIs cost $76.5 billion every year.
- 75% of TBIs are concussions.
Children, teenagers, and the elderly are most likely to suffer a TBI. TBIs occur more commonly to males than females.
According to the CDC, the most common causes of TBIs are:
- Falls: 35%
- Car accidents: 17%
- Collisions: 17%
- Assaults: 10%
Common symptoms of TBI:
The symptoms of traumatic brain injury depend on the severity of the impact and the area of the brain affected.
- Lack of motor coordination
- Change in sleep patterns
- Emotional symptoms such as mood swings
Serious symptoms of TBI:
Difficulty thinking or concentrating Severe headache or nausea Slurred speech Memory problems Unconsciousness Seizures
TBI in sports:
According to the CDC, more than 170,000 TBIs are suffered by children and teenagers during sports. The most common causes of these injuries were bicycling, football, playground activity, basketball, and soccer.
Long-term side effects:
TBI can have long-term side effects. Victims may suffer from physical and cognitive impairment for month or years following a TBI. A study published in the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Psychology found that 60% of TBI
victims showed signs of emotional dysfunction. TBIs also increase the risk of epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease. Additionally, approximately 5.3 million Americans are living with a traumatic brain injury related
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