WORLD OF FLY FISHING KNOTS
Fly attachment knots
- Palomar knot: A knot that is easy to tie and has a good breaking strength of over 90%. It can be difficult passing the line twice through the hook eye, but pass the tag end through one way first and then back. Then make the loop as
small as possible and pass it over the hook. Tighten by first pulling both ends - then the tag end alone.
- Surgeons loop: A knot that is easy to tie and has a good breaking strength of over 90%. It can be difficult passing the line twice through the hook eye, but pass the tag end through one way first and then back. Then make the loop as
small as possible and pass it over the hook. Tighten by first pulling both ends - then the tag end alone.\
- Duncan loop: The classical loop for flies that need to work freely on the tippet. Fairly easy to tie and can be tightened according to taste.
- Trilene knot: The breaking strength is very high for this knot; very close to 100% for some lines and diameters and almost always above 90%. Do not cut the tag end too close. The knot has a tendency to untie itself after many casts.
- Figure 8 loop: An easy-to-tie loop that leaves the line and eye in a straight line. It is a bit difficult to tighten in a manner that results in a small loop. A too large loop will often catch the fly or some material and leave the fly fishing
sideways or backwards. The figure 8 loop is also great for making loops on leader butts and tips and good to use on tippets if you want a loop-to-loop connection between tippet and leader.
- Morrum guiding knot: A guiding knot well suited for up or down eye flies on heavy tippets -especially salmon flies. The knot is easy to tie with a good breaking strength. Tighten the loop section first and then work it slowly to a
position in under - and almost in - the hook eye.The direction of the tippet will be at an angle to the eye. and hence the knot is not suitable for straight eyed hooks. On up and down eye hooks on the other hand, the tippet will be parallel
to the hook shank, and guide the fty nicely in the water.
- Improved clinch knot (not recommended): This is a very common knot, but even though it seems to look much like the Trilene knot, it's very weak in comparison. Down to 60% breaking strength in some cases. I do not recommend
Leader knots - mono to mono
- Blood knot: A knot used to tie two monofilaments together, i.e. tippet to leader or two pieces of a knotted leader. The knot is a bit difficult to tie, but can be tied without tools with some practise. It is compact and has a high breaking
strength and leaves the line absolutely straight. The number of turns can be varied, but 3-5 turns work well on most lines. Cut the tag ends very close to the knot.
- Surgeon's knot: This knot is normally used to tie two monofilaments together, i.e. tippet to The knot is fast and easy to tie and has a high breaking strength. It does require one side to pass through the loop and is more bulky than the
Blood knot. It also leaves a small angle on the line. The number of turns can be varied, but two turns work best on most lines.
Leader knots - mono to fly line
- Needle knot: An excellent knot for attaching the leader to the fly line. It yields a very neat, straight and strong transition between the monofilament leader and coated fly line. lt requires that you pass the mono through the core of the fly
line by poking a hole with a needle. Cut the leader at an angle with a pair of scissors to make this process easier. Pull 10 centimeters or 4 inches of leader butt through core and out through a hole in the side of the fly line coating and tie
About your fly line
- Protecting your fly line: There are a few things - all part of fly - fishing - that can damage your fly line: Stepping on the line, casting without a leader, pinching the line between the spool and frame of your reel or cracking the line like a
whip when casting.
- Cleaning your fly line: The one thing you can't avoid that will decrease performance of your line - and, in particular, a floating line - is dirt, Dirt gets on your line because of algae. It's found in all the waters you’ll fish and simply builds
up on your line through normal use.
- Fly line storage: The safest place for your line is on the reel. Just make sure when you store it the line isn't exposed to direct sunlight, chemicals or solvents, or excessive heat, like you find in the trunk of your car or behind the
Trout Bum 2: Fly Fishing The World, Just A Cast Away | www.troutbum2.com | Sources" http://globalflyfisher.com/fishbetter/knots/table.php; http://www.creeksideflyfishing.com/basic_fly_fishing_knots.htm.