Evolution Of Camera And Photography
- 400-500 BC. Chinese philosopher Mo Di and Greek mathematician Euclid defined principles of optics.
- 300 BC. Aristotle questions. Why the Sun could make a circular image when it shined through a square hole? This research affirmed that in future, all lenses will be made circle shaped.
- 1000 AD. A am Camera Obscura. Ibn-Al-Haytham (Alhazen) makes a gigantic study on optics and invents the first pinhole camera (Camera Obscura). "I explained why the images were upside down" - Ibn-Al-Haytham.
- 1665. Young scientist (Sir) Isaac Newton discovers he composition of light based on colors.
- 1727. Johann heinrich Schulze discovered that silver nitrate gets dark when it is exposed to light. The Photochemical effect becomes the breakthrough in the making of film reel, the photo was directly printed on paper.
- 1760. French author Tiphaigne de la Roche described what can be interpreted as photography, in his fiction "Book Giphantie".
- 1814. First pinhole photograph The first photograph is captured using Camera Obscura by Joseph Niepce. Nig achievement but the image required eight hours of light exposure. Before Niepce, camera was used for creating maps and
- 1837. Louis Daguerre's invents a type of photography, Daguerreotype. It captured first image did not fade, and needed only 30 minutes, The evolution of photography now turns into a revolution.
- 1840. Alexander Wolcott becomes the first man to be issued a patent with photography.
- 1841. Negative to positives. English inventor William Talbot patents calotype process. The first negative-positive process makes it possible to make multiple copies of a photo.
- 1843. First advertisement with a photograph made in Philadelphia.
- 1844. Panorama Camera. Friedrich von Martens makes the first successful Panoramic Camera, The Megaskop.
- 1851. Collodion process invented by Frederick Scott Archer. Only 2 or 3 seconds of light exposure was required for a photo.
- 1855. Physicist James Clerk Maxell defines the principle of three-color-separation of RGB channels.
- 1961. 1st color photograph is taken.
- 1865. First legislation. Photos and negatives are added to copyrighted materials category.
- 1871. Kodak Roll-Film Camera. Eastman patents Kodak Roll-Film Camera. Richard Leach Maddox. Invents The Gelatin Dry Plate Silver Bromide process. Now negatives don't need to be developed immediately. Portable dark-rooms
were not required anymore.
- 1900. The Brownie. First majorly marketed commercial consumer camera hits the market.
- 1927. Flash bulb. Modern flash bulb is invented by General Electric.
- 1948. Polaroid Camera. Edwin land make the Polaroid Camera. Light was directly printed on paper, not just the negative.
- 1960. EG & G makes an Extreme depth Underwater Camera for United States navy.
- 1968. Photograph of planet earth from Moon.
- 1978-1991: 1) 1978 Konica introduces Autofocus Camera. 35mm autofocus & auto exposure shutter 1/60s, 1/125s & 1/250s manual - automatic film winding; 2) 1984 Canon creates first digital Electronic Still Camera. Electronic
stutter 2 - 1000, bulb for low exposure photos, auto-switching flash sync, full aperture TTL metering; 3) 1991 Kodak DCS-100 becomes the first Digital Single LEns Reflex Camera. 1.3 MP 1280 x 1024 pixel, 200 MegaBytes of
storage, ISO for color 100 - 1600, ISO for B&W 200 - 3200.
- 2011. GigaPixel Camera. The might of camera technology. This camera can take photos of 13000000000 pixels (13 billion). 160 MegaPixels, iSO range: 500 to 10.000, shutter speed: 1/2.000th second, readout speed: 30 MegaBytes
per second; 1 GigaByte uncompressed full panorama.
- 2050. The will be a micro-chip installed in your eye and if you want to shoot something, you just "think" to capture it, and the photo will come out of your mouth (perhaps).
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org/wiki/Photography; http://all-art.org/history658_photography1.html; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panoramic_Photography; http://inventors.about.com/od/pstartinventions/a/stilphotography.htm; http://www.aberlardomorell.net/