HYDRAULIC FRACTURING & WATER
Natural gas plays a key role in our nation's clean energy future. The U.S. has vast reserves of natural gas that are commercially viable as a result of advances in horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing technologies enabling greater
access to gas in shale formations. Responsible development of America's shale gas resources offers important economic, energy security, and environmental benefits.
Natural Gas accounts for 25% of all the energy used in us.
By 2035 it is estimated that 46% of all natural gas will come from fracking.
The average fracking well requires around 5,000,000 gallons of water to operate over its life time.
Water is combined with sand and a cocktail of chemicals to help in the fracking process and then injected into the well.
0.5% chemical addictives.
Around 750 compounds are listed in a 2011 report to Congress, ranging from additives found in food and common houshold cleaners to known carcinogens.
20%-40% of this fluid flows back to the surface, polluted with dissolved solids toxic chemicals & slightly irradiated.
If drilled too shallow or not inspected properly wells can leak natural gas into the air and water.
The process also causes measurable but small earthquakes (1-4 on the Richter scale).