A History Of Mobile Productivity
Not long ago there was a point at which "cell phone" became an insufficient term. Now even "smartphone" does not seem to quite grasp the full extent of such a mobile device's capabilities. We have replaced countless
everyday tools with a single item that can fit in the palm of one's hand. Unquestionably, mobile technology has changed the world and the way we work. How quickly it has done so is just as astonishing.
Timeline. In 1946, Swedish police used devices that wirelessly connected to the telephone network. These were heavy and battery life only allowed for a handful of calls. In the 60's, "cell areas" existed but base
stations provided minimal coverage. In the 70's, mobile technology picked up speed and hasn't stopped since.
- 1973. Dr. Martin Cooper, former manager for the systems division at Motorola invents the first portable handset. He is the first person to make a call on a portable cellular phone.
- 1974. First commercially successfu pager: Motorola Pageboy.
- 1977. First public cell phone trials begin in Chicago with 2000 customers.
- The pager played an important role throughout the early decades of mobile productivity. When people were out and about, getting a hold of them was a difficult, if not impossible task. Pagers changed this, making it easy
to check in with mobile employees (and employers!).
- 1983. With the launch of its DynaTAC 8000X, DynaTAC, an abbreviation for Dynamic Adaptive Total Area Coverage, Motorola begins the first the first series of commercially available mobile phones.
- The commercial availability of cell phones marked a new era of communication. Previously, the idea of using a phone outside of your home or office seemed far-fetched. As the 80's progressed, the adoption of this
new era of mobile communicators became more and more widespread.
- 1992. Apple's CEO John Sculley introduces the term "Personal Digital Assistant" or PDA, referring to a pen based device.
- 1993. Apple introduces the Newton MessagePad and the IBM Simon becomes the first publicly available smartphone.
- 1996. The QWERTY keyboard arrives on mobile phones with the Nokia 9000 Communicator (later the best-selling PDA).
- 1999. Though different than the full HTML web we know today, WAP (wireless access protocol sites) first becomes accessible via mobile phones with the launch of the Nokia 7110. The Benefon Esc is the first phone
with GPS integration and the Samsung SPH-M100 is the first MP3 phone. The phone featured in The Matrix.
- The 1990's saw the cellphone transform into the smartphone. Aimed largely at a business audience, smartphones could do more than simply make calls. With advances from Apple, Palm, and Nokia, mobile devices
received full QWERTY keyboards, contact managers, calendar applications, and more.
- 2000. First commercially available camera phone: Sharp J-SH04 with a 0.1 megapixel resolution. First mobile phone with a color display: Sony Ericsson T68i.
- 2002. Research in Motion (RIM) releases the first Blackberry with calling functionality: Blackberry 5810. First Palm OS phone: Treo 180.
- 2004. Palm OS Cobalt 6.0 introduced. Motorola RAZR with its striking appearance and its thin profile, became a fashion icon.
- 2005. Motorola ROKR E1. First phone to integrate iTunes: Motorola ROKR E1.
- 2007. iPhone. Apple introduces the iPhone combining a mobile phone, an Internet communicator, and an mp3 player into one device. Apple effectively defined a new breed of smartphones.
- 2008. HTC Dream. iPhone 3G, iOS App Store, first Android phone and Android Market. The last Palm OS device marks the end of an era.
- 2009. App stores explode: Blackberry App World (April), Nokia Ovi Store (May), Palm App Catalog (June), and Windows Marketplace for mobile (October). Apps range from business tools like Documents to Go
to games like the still-popular Angry Birds.
- Color displays, the ability to capture photos and videos, the use of GPS, and other advances in technology transformed smartphones from a simple business tool to a powerful consumer device with mass appeal.
- 2010. iPhone 3 and Windows Phone 7 launches, Android's smartphone market share jumped from 5% to 29% in one year. Apple is not the only success story. The Android platform inched past the iPhone this year in
mobile browsing market share.
- 2011. In mid 2011, Apple announced its 15 billionth download from its App Store and announced that iOS users purchased an average of 61% more apps this year over last.
- Market share: 1) iPad - 17%; 2) iPhone - 34.4%; 3) Android - 36.3%; 4) Web OS - 0.5%; 5) Windows Phone - 0.6%; 6) Blackberry - 2.2%; 7) iPod - 9%.
- As phones become even faster and more powerful, devices begin to converge. Phones and tablets are now being designed to replace computers. The advent of "the cloud" ensures devices are connected and in sync.
Experts forecast a paradigm shift in computing. The post-PC era is coming.
- Smartphones account for 26% of all phones across the global across the global market. 50% of all new phones purchased in the U.S> are smartphones.
- By the end of 2011, there will be more than six billion subscriptions.
- The average mobile worker works 240 hours a year longer than those in the general population.
- 59% of business owners, CEOs, and presidents say wireless services are essential to their business.
- Mobile users everywhere are showing an increased desired for more features, improving mobile mobile productivity, merging business and personal data onto a single device, and becoming more connected than ever.
Conclusion: Mobile productivity has come a long way in just a few decades. Tools that were irreplaceable not ago are now collecting dust in closets and museums across the world. Today, technology is moving faster than
ever. Smartphones and tablets have become integral parts of our daily lives. New devices are changing and enhancing the way we work every day. Today's smartphone could be tomorrow's collector's item!
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Sources: Cellphones.org; CNN; Futurelooks Media Inc., The Huffington Post; ReadWriteWeb; The Business Journals.