The Evolution Of Distance Learning
Distance learning is a teaching method that instructs and delivers learning material to students via remote correspondence. Throughout the course of human history education was first a social privilege of the wealthy
and elite. As time progressed educational rights were extended to citizens of developing nations. However, pursuit of higher education posed obstacles for students physically unable to attend class. With the advent of
mail correspondence and development of the World Wide Web distance learning has spurred realistic, scholastic opportunities for the public.
Let's take a look at how distance learning has evolved over the last three hundred years!
- 1728: Boston, MA. Local teacher Caleb Phillips advertised the first shorthand correspondence lessons offered by mail.
- 1800: Across the US. The expansion of the US Postal Service perpetuated distance learning correspondence courses.
- 1833: Sweden. Correspondence composition course offered through Swedish newspapers, precipitating the development of correspondence courses across Europe.
- 1840: Great Britain, UK. Shorthand instructor Isaac Pitman offered the first shorthand instruction via mail correspondence.
- 1852: Cincinnati, Ohio. Secretarial training in stenographics was conducted via post. Certificate of achievement was granted after course completion.
- 1856: Germany. Instructors Charles Toussaint and Gustav Langenscheidt taught language courses via mail correspondence.
- 1858: London, UK. University of London created "External Program", the first distance learning-based courses at a university level.
- 1873: Cape Town, South Africa. The University of the Cape of Good Hope founded a distance-learning facility.
- 1900: Anna Ticknor. Anna Ticknor develops a home-based program that targeted New York women and achieved a 20.000+ student enrollment.
- 1922: Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania State College becomes first college to broadcast courses across radio networks.
- 1934: Iowa. The University of iowa becomes the first university to employ television as a learning tool.
- 1953: Houston, Texas. First televised courses are offered at University of Houston.
- 1963: Across the US. Instructional Television Fixed Service (ITFS) was created by the FCC, which dedicated 20 TV channels for university use and instruction.
- 1968: Across the US "correspondence" is changed to "independent study" to establish the difference between university and homeschooling methods.
- 1969: Across the US ArpaNet is founded as the first version of Internet.
- 1971: Vienna, Austria. Philosopher Ivan Illich's "Deschooling Society" book encouraged computer-based education.
- 1976: Phoenix, Arizona. University of Phoenix is established as the first "virtual college".
- 1980: Alaska. First state educational satellite system offered daily television instruction to 1000 Alaskan villages.
- 1982: Rindge, New Hampshire. The Computer Assisted Learning Center (CALC) was founded as a computer-oriented adult learning center.
- 1989: Great Britain, UK. First publication emphasizes distance learning methods: "Research in Distance Education".
- 1992: AOL. The Electronic University Network helps to develop university campuses through AOL.
- 1994: CALcampus. The first comprehensive, "online-only" curriculum is established by CALcampus.
- 1995: Virginia Beach, VA.Regent University offers the first online Ph.D. in Communications.
- 1997: E-Learning. WebCT 1.0 LMS, an e-learning system, is released, and is often considered the predecessor of BlackBoard.
- 1999: Washington, DC. Blackboard Course Systems introduced.
- 2002: Australia. Virtual Learning environment, "Moodle 1.0" is released.
- 2003: By 2003 16% of US undergraduates were enrolled in at least one distance education course.
- 2004: SAKAI Project is formed: a collaboration of academic institutions/organizations developed a scalable software for virtual learning environments.
- 2005: By 2005 almost 3.2 million US students were enrolled in at least one online course at university.
- 2009: By 2009 53% of public high school students were enrolled in distance education courses. YouTube EDU introduces thousands of free lectures.
- 2012: By 2013 60% of four-year US private college/universities offer online classes!
- From 1998 to 2008, there was a 150% increase in the number of students opting for distance-learning courses as part of their regular curriculum.
- Today, students from K-12 can remotely obtain an education that is tailored to individual needs. Distance learning enables flexibility on a budget, allowing students to work at their own pace while cutting costs of standard
DistanceLearning.com | For more information on how distance learning can further your education and careerm refer to www.distancelearning.com, and begin your journey to enlightment and financial freedom!
Sources: http://www.distancelearning.com; http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=80; http://ruthannshelton.com/2012/11/04/distnce-education; http://www.cdlponline.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=whatis&pg=3;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distance_education; http://edudemic.com/2012/09/the-history-of-distance-learning-and-online-edu...; http://www.unwex.edu/ics/design/disesu2.htm; http://xtimeline.com/education/online-
education/articles/2011/11/11/study-online-education-continues-growth; http://www.edtechmagazine.com/higher/artisle/2012/07/50-striking-statistics-about-distance-learning-higher-education; http://www.zdnet.com/