Evolution Of The Telephone | The Facts And Stats Celebrating 346 Years Of Telecommunications
- Number of telephone mainlines per country: 1) 2005. China - 350.433.000, USA - 177.947.000; 2) 1975. China - 1.692.000, USA - 80.515.000; 3) 1915. China - 12.546, USA - 11.00.000;
4) 1876. Worldwide - 1.
- World's Largest Mobile: Mobile Telephone System A, at 40 kg is as heavy as a European grey wolf.
- World's Smallest Mobile: Modu Mobile, at 40 grams is as light as a Korean Red-backed vole.
- Average global price of an SMS message 2010: $0.11.
- Average global cost to network provider 2010: $0.00001.
- Number of mobile phones per country, 2007: 1) China: 547.286.000 (41% of population); 2) India: 296.080.000 (25% of population); 3) United States: 255.000.000 (83% of population).
- Worldwide SMS revenues 2010: $150 billion. Projected SMS revenues 2014: $233 billion. Worldwide cinema box office revenues 2009: $29.9 billion.
- The True cost of a text: 1) Cost to send data from the Hubble telescope: $13.61 per megabyte; 2) Cost to send data over SMS: $575.92 per megabyte.
Timeline: Evolution Of The Telephone
- 1664. English polymath and founder of the Royal Society Robert Hooke is the first man to experiment seriously with "a musical cylinder with pewter tips pinched between cylindrical rings", or in layman's terms, two tin
cups held together with string.
- 1789. Catalan scientist Don Francisco Salva i Campillo invents a simple form of text messaging, involving a wire for each letter of the alphabet attached to a corresponding dogsbody 30 miles away. Until receiving a fierce
electrical shock, the hopeless servant would cry out the letter. Eventually Campilla opts to use sparks as a visual cue instead.
- 1861. Schoolteacher and self-taught scientist Johann Philipp Reis is one of the earliest (and out favourite) claimants to the title of "inventor of the telephone" with a device be created after spending too much time looking
at human ears.
- 1876. Using a bunch of stolen research, inventor and advocate of compulsory sterilisation for the disabled Alexander Graham Bell constructs a telephone. His first message was to his assistant in the cellar: "Mr. Watson,
come here I want you". Whether Watson interpreted this as a come-on is not recorded.
- 1905. The first dial telephone is invented, the Strowger Automatic Dial Candlestick, ensuring that beleaguered husbands no longer had to have embarrassing conversations with the operator when they try to call the
- 1915. Bell and Watson make the first professional long-distance phone call, between New York and San Francisco. Using a network of operators - it takes 23 minutes to connect the call.
- 1919. In an eerie foreshadow of their eventual status as an evil empire, AT&T collects over 4.000 measurements of people's heads to standardise telephone headset dimensions.
- 1936. The world's first public video telephone was developed by Dr. Georg Schubert and opened by the German reichspost. In 1936 linking Berlin to Nuremberg, Munich, and Hamburg. Terminals were shut after the
outbreak of WW2.
- 1937. The first telephone to have a ringer installed in the model itself is invented - Western Electric Model 302. Previously, a separate ringer box was installed on an owner's wall or desk.
- 1956. The world's first "mobile phone" is invented - Ericsson;s Mobile Telephone System A. Of the model pictured, only two ever existed, serving 125 subscribers between 1956 and 1967.
- 1963. The first push-button telephone (the Western 1500) and touch-tone dialling are tested on two small towns in Pennsylvania, ending decades of finger slavery to the rotary dial. five years later the "#" and "*"
keys were introduced.
- 1964. The first commercially available video phone, At&T Picturephone Mod I, is invented.
- 1973. Motorola researcher martin Cooper makes the first cell phone call - to rival inventor Dr. Joel S. engel at At&T Bell Labs, who was also trying to develop a portable phone.
- 1983. Based on Cooper's work, the first commercially available handheld mobile phone, the Motorola DynaTAC 8000X, is released. Price of the Motorola DynaTAC 8000X in 1983: $8.657 in today's money. Average
cell phone cost today: $84.
- 1993. Brenham Hayden, an engineer at Aldiscon, sends the first commercial phone-to-phone text message. It read: "burp".
- 1993. The world's first "smart phone" is unveiled, the IBM Simon. Its major apps were a calendar, address book, world clock, calculator, notepad, and a simple email client. After some delays it went on sale in 1994 in
190 US cities, priced at $899.
- 2000. The Sharp J-Sh04 hits Japan - the world's first camera phone. It featured a 0.1 megapixel camera, or about 1/120 the resolution of today's high-end camera phones.
- 2003. The Nokia 1100 is released, a durable and easy-to-use phone designed with the developing world in mind. it will go on to be the world's best-selling mobile handset,shifting some 200 million units.
- 2009. A birth of 4G...